Interactions between rumen anaerobic fungi and ciliate protozoa in the degradation of rice straw cell walls.

TitleInteractions between rumen anaerobic fungi and ciliate protozoa in the degradation of rice straw cell walls.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsWidyastuti, Y, Newbold CJ, Stewart CS, Orskov ER
JournalLetters in applied microbiology
Volume20
Issue1
Pagination61-4
KeywordsAnaerobiosis, Animals, Biodegradation, Environmental, Cell Wall, Cellulase, Ciliophora, Fungi, Glycoside Hydrolases, Oryza sativa, Rumen
Abstract

Suspensions of mixed rumen protozoa were added to incubations of the anaerobic fungus Neocallimastix patriciarum with rice straw cell walls. The protozoa did not influence the dry matter lost from the straw, or the solubilization of monosaccharides, but they had a marked effect on the fermentation products formed. Studies with 14C-labelled protozoa suggested that the presence of protozoa reduced the fungal carboxymethylcellulase activity to around half of that found in pure cultures of the fungus.

Alternate TitleLett. Appl. Microbiol.