Indirect measurement of saliva secretion in sheep fed diets of different structures and the effect of such diets on ruminal fluid kinetics and fermentation pattern.

TitleIndirect measurement of saliva secretion in sheep fed diets of different structures and the effect of such diets on ruminal fluid kinetics and fermentation pattern.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsDurić, M, Zhao GY, Orskov ER, Chen XB
JournalExperimental physiology
Volume79
Issue5
Pagination823-30
KeywordsAnimal Feed, Animals, Body Fluids, Chromatography, Gas, Diet, Digestion, Fermentation, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Nitrogen, Purines, Rumen, Saliva, Sheep
Abstract

Four Suffolk x Dorset sheep were allocated in a 4 x 4 Latin square design and received a hay-barley-molasses diet in one of four different physical structures: (1) pelleted; (2) pelleted:chopped (60:40); (3) chopped:pelleted (60:40); or (4) chopped. The animals were penned individually and the diet was restricted to provide 20 g of dry matter (DM) per kilogram live weight daily. The effects of the diets on rumen fluid kinetics, fermentation pattern and microbial nitrogen (MN) supply were examined. Saliva secretion was estimated using an indirect method based on water balance in the rumen. When the animals were fed the chopped diet, the salivation rate, rumen fluid volume and rumen liquid outflow were all increased significantly (P < 0.05 to P < 0.01). No consistent effect of dietary structure on rumen fluid dilution rate, purine derivative (PD) excretion or MN supply was observed. Dietary structure had no effect on the rumen fermentation pattern, digestibility of DM or nitrogen.

Alternate TitleExp. Physiol.